Oncologist Job Description
Oncology is a specified field of medicine that examines the chemical, physical and biological properties of human tumors. An oncologist provides the diagnosis and treatment of abnormal cells within a tumor but also follows the development and structure of cancer growth and malignancy tendencies. Inside this sector lies more detailed branches that include gynecologic, hematology, psycho-oncology, pediatric oncology, radiation oncology and surgical oncology.
The education and advanced training received by an oncologist is difficult and precision is an absolute requirement. Being able to form a diagnosis and plan of treatment from studying x-rays, biopsies and tissue samples has to be more than an opinion. Adding years of experience teaches the oncologist how to work with referring physicians, staff and more importantly, the patient and family members.
Some of the specified areas that an oncologist may enter into are diseases such as brain tumors, malignant melanomas, lymphomas, breast cancer, esophageal cancer and Hodgkin’s disease in addition to many others. Surgical oncologists may become skilled in areas such as removal of tumors, tumor staging and or working with undeveloped systems of children. Because not every oncologist can be proficient in every area, working closely with those that are is often called for.
Each organ or part of the body that develops cancerous cells can create different types of treatment that more seasoned specialists can recommend.. Once a positive diagnosis has been realized, this specialist discusses all options of treatment with the patient. Radiation and surgery are still the most effective means of fighting localized tumors and brings the oncologist to yet another area. The treatment of side effects and helping to relieve cancer symptoms becomes relative in keeping the patient comfortable.
Keeping ongoing test results and chart notes throughout the case and conducting regular examinations of the patient is part of the job of an oncologist. Noting changes or additions in the progression and treatment may result in an updated plan of action. Workshops, conferences and training sessions are expected of an oncologist who hopes to gain knowledge concerning new medications and treatment options. Many hours are spent focusing on the development of technology that has been found.
Following testing and clinical trials of isolated cells and reactions to chemical properties help the oncologist in providing the most advanced procedures in fighting adnormal cells. The duties of an oncologist are demanding, time-consuming and require an exactness in the field. Being able to work closely with medical personnel and technicians to gather needed information can often be frustrating when every hour counts. However, the work can be rewarding with knowing that you are a huge part in the quest of defeating cancer and keeping your patient as comfortable as possible during treatment. There can also be ongoing opportunities to advance into management, teaching or research depending on your individual interests.